Since the Sabbath is rightfully on Saturday, why do Christians continue to celebrate on Sunday? This is a clear change in God's law, which is a sin. It is making man an idol, putting his opinion and traditions above God's written command?
I want to first mention that your question is actually a statement with a question mark ... as it is written ... but I'll address it as a question assuming there may be a typo. I was actually asked a question on this topic after class the other day at Discover Life. This is a great question that gives light to a growing division that has been in the church since the beginning, but has always been in a cycle of gaining new ground among groups of believers.
The word "Saturday" does come from the word "Sabbath" so there is a connection. As far as Christians "celebrating" the Sabbath ... it was never to be celebrated ... the Hebrew word was "zakar" which means "to remember" of "to be mindful of" ... we also see the word "observe" used. To call the Sabbath Sunday is an error, but merely one of translation, not one that I feel merits idolatry .. a very serious accusation and one that we should not be quick to make.
Under the letter of the Law, the Sabbath was to be strictly "observed" and there were consequences for breaking it. It is important to know that when Jesus and His disciples were accused of breaking the Sabbath, He did in fact protect them though they were guilty of breaking the letter of the way the Law was written. Observe:
Exodus 20:8 "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. 11 For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.
Mat 12:1-14 At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath. And His disciples were hungry, and began to pluck heads of grain and to eat. 2 And when the Pharisees saw it, they said to Him, "Look, Your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath!" 3 But He said to them, "Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him: 4 how he entered the house of God and ate the showbread which was not lawful for him to eat, nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests? 5 Or have you not read in the law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath, and are blameless? 6 Yet I say to you that in this place there is One greater than the temple. 7 But if you had known what this means, 'I DESIRE MERCY AND NOT SACRIFICE,' you would not have condemned the guiltless. 8 For the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath."
Mat 12:9 Now when He had departed from there, He went into their synagogue. 10 And behold, there was a man who had a withered hand. And they asked Him, saying, "Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?"—that they might accuse Him. 11 Then He said to them, "What man is there among you who has one sheep, and if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not lay hold of it and lift it out? 12 Of how much more value then is a man than a sheep? Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath." 13 Then He said to the man, "Stretch out your hand." And he stretched it out, and it was restored as whole as the other. 14 Then the Pharisees went out and plotted against Him, how they might destroy Him.
The disciples picking grain was a clear violation of the Sabbath Law ... healing the man with dropsy was a violation under the letter of the Law. There are factions of Christianity, elitist groups, who claim to have a secret understanding that we are still under the letter of the Law but also demand that much of Scripture is erred and false ... especially Pauline teachings ... and must do so because he adamantly warns against this. The Law had its purposes. First, it was to lay a standard for judgement of righteousness ... one that we could never attain!!! Jesus made this clear. Paul repeats it ... under the Law we have no hope!!! (Matt 19, Mk10; Rom 7&8, Gal 2&3). But that led to the second purpose of the Law, to usher in the need of a Savior ... bringing redemption to the Gentiles ... to the whole world. If the Jews would have simply kept the Law, the would have been highly favored, completely protected, and ultimately caused all of us to be hopeless.
For a believer who has accepted Christ's deliverance from the weight of the Law to then return to the dominion of it ... and worse to place others under the weight of it ... well ... please read Galations 2 and 3. Peter's refusal to eat with the Gentiles was according to Jewish Law. The Law brings a curse ... it is clearly stated.
I think it would be well to consider the difference between "the letter of the Law" and "the spirit of the Law." Please read:
2 Corinthians 3:2 You are our epistle written in our hearts, known and read by all men; 3 clearly you are an epistle of Christ, ministered by us, written not with ink but by the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of flesh, that is, of the heart. 4 And we have such trust through Christ toward God. 5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think of anything as being from ourselves, but our sufficiency is from God, 6 who also made us sufficient as ministers of the new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.
Holding to the letter of the Law is demanding others hold to a standard that was never meant. Does the letter of the Sabbath Law justify condemning those who worship on days other than Saturday??? It's a hard pull but if so then get ready for being trapped in the same corner. How then do you justify killing a robber who has entered by force, because the letter of the same Law says "thou shall not kill." We substitute murder ... but that is not correct. According to the letter, we should never kill ... or lie. So were the Christians who turned over the Jews to the Nazis during WWII justified by hiding behind "thou shall not lie?" Because this is directly where the letter of the law leads us...to divisions, bickerings, etc that we are also consequently warned against. Cowards often hide behind the letter of the Law because the Spirit of the Law is deeper and much more complicated ... the letter of the Law incites condemnation outwardly while the spirit of the Law causes us to look deep within ourselves ... the speck vs the log Jesus spoke about.
1 Timothy 1:3 - 7 As I urged you when I went into Macedonia—remain in Ephesus that you may charge some that they teach no other doctrine, 4 nor give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which cause disputes rather than godly edification which is in faith. 5 Now the purpose of the commandment is love from a pure heart, from a good conscience, and from sincere faith, 6 from which some, having strayed, have turned aside to idle talk, 7 desiring to be teachers of the law, understanding neither what they say nor the things which they affirm.
Whoever is the source of this type of accusation is not understanding the law in any way, shape, or form. The spirit of the law gives life. The spirit of the Sabbath is that mankind needs rest ... and God desires us to come together to worship before Him. It also shows that God wants us to spend time with our family and loved ones. That's the point.
I would be very careful in accusing scores of people of idol worship because of taking part of something that seems off to you ... that's like seeing someone singing a song and accusing them of being a liar. I also ask you to consider this thought. Do you wear clothes made of mixed fibers (ie rayon, polyester, etc) ... that's against the Law. Do you eat pork (bacon, sausage, etc), chicken, which includes eating at any fast food restaurant (because of the oils used) ... that's against the Torah. God gave the ten commandments, then issued a whole group of laws ensuing ... (Torah) ... all to be observed ... all ... under the Law.
I would consider relaxing a little ... enjoying the fellowship ... and respecting variation. Remember, the letter of the Law (legalism) brings death, but the spirit of the Law brings life. The letter demands the "what" and the "how" ... the spirit looks for "why" ... which is also what the Spirit does ... looks to the thoughts and intents of the hearts of humanity. We do need to adhere to the Spirit of the Law ... the commandments are not null and void ... but we are under grace and need to stay there. We need to try with all of our ability to protect a day of rest, and to rest...to rest from our work, to rest in our family, and to rest in the Lord with other believers. But that does not have to be on a certain day for those who cannot meet because it is just not possible ... so then we must be creative. There are always believers on any specific
That's my take anyways ... awesome question. So what are your thoughts?